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In Jezzin area, many features indicate its ancient history and the struggling of its people. The famous Saray of jezzin was built during the reign of the provincial governor, Naum Basha in 1898, when “Slim Bek Ammoun” took the position of the mayor of Jezzin and it has provincial ottomans-style architecture.
“Slim Bek Ammoun“ also opened in the shir that was closing the entrance of Jezzin from the south side in 1898, a passage linking Sayda with Jezzin; with visitors passing through it intimidated by the rocks and the statue of the Virgin Mary next to it.
As for the cave of Fakhr al-Din II the Great, it is located in the rocky shir at a distance of 500m north of jezzine waterfall, and it’s constituted by a tunnel that people enter while crawling and has a large round door. The space of the cave is 30x20meters, prince Fakhr al-Din took the cave as a refuge to escape from the ottomans.
The cave of prince “Korkomaz”, also known as “Shakif Tiron” castle, is one hour way from the cave of Fakherddine.Prince Korkomaz hid in the cave in 1585 to escape from ottomans and he died imprisoned there.
Source: “Mintakat Jezzin Sehr Youhaki Haybat Al Zaman”
Professor Ghassan Rahal.


Jezzin is renowned for its geographic location which made its climate a healing recipe doctors give for people suffering from Asthma and respiratory illness, in addition to the availability of services and touristic activities which made it a place to go for Lebanese tourists, Arabs as well as foreigners from all over the world.
Jezzin district occupies the western slope of Mount Niha with an important section of Mount Al Rihan, and it expands from the outskirts of the city of Sidon and the limits of Zahrani and Nabatiyah from the west, to the peaks of Mount Lebanon Tomat of Mount Niha in the Bekaa from the east, and it’s delineated along the Litani River at its southern Jarmak borders with Marjayoun and Hasbaya districts and delineated by the Awwali river that constitutes its northern border with the Chouf.
The water of Jezzin passes through the area and divides it to two parts; then falls from a rocky cliff 80m high, overlooking the pine woodlands of Bkassin and called the fountain of Jezzin.
Touristic restaurants are found near the waterfall; as well as a number of café offering generous Lebanese cuisine in a close to nature mood.
Some of the most famous Jezzin springs: Jezzin, Azibi and the Blue lake.
The Azibi spring: stems from the top of Mount Niha, located in the northern-eastern part of the Jezzin city and provides potable water to some of its houses and is linked via pipes that were carried above an archeological bridge – Jesr El Khalas – founded by Restoum Basha (1873-1883). The name Al Khalas meaning salvation indicates how much the city needed this kind of crossing bridge during winter.
It should be noted that part of the spring Azibi water was dedicated to a project to raise Trout fish; which was a one-of-a kind project in Lebanon founded in 1954. The water of this project is used to irrigate the lands of Azibi.

Source: “Mintakat Jezzin Sehr Youhaki Haybat Al Zaman”
Professor Ghassan Rahal.

February 2024
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